Church of God, New World Ministries

A Lesson From Balaam

Did you ever stop to ask: “How far may I safely go, in doing what I want but know I ought not?” This article was written to give our readers something to think about.

Do you remember reading about an Old Testament character by the name of Balaam, who, as you read in the Book of Revelation (2nd chapter), in the words of Jesus Christ, caused ancient Israel to sin? Here are some interesting facts about this Balaam.

Balaam, it now appears, was in his time successor in office to Nimrod (Gen. 10), founder of the world’s pagan civilization. Balaam was the greatest prophet of the time, in the pagan religion, the Pontifex Maximus of the pagan world, the chief oracle of paganism.

Does it, then, seem strange that he prayed to God and appeared to be a servant of God?

When King Balak of Moab sent emissaries to hire Balaam to put a curse on the people of Israel, Balaam asked the emissaries to remain overnight, so he could go aside and pray, and ask God if he might go with them. If he was the chief pagan prophet, actually sitting in Satan’s seat, as head of Satan’s religion on earth, why would he pray to God about it?

Maybe you have read this story and assumed that Balaam was a prophet of God, not of Satan. Did he not do right in consulting God? Surely Satan would not do that! Take just a quick look at the incident.

The children of Israel, under Moses, had pitched camp in the plains of Moab, on the east side of the Jordan River, near Jericho. The king of Moab, Balak, saw what these Israelites, there were at least two or three million of them, had done to the Amorites. He was struck with fear. The Moabites were far outnumbered.

So king Balak sent messengers to Balaam, who lived at Pethor in Mesopotamia, a far distance, near the Euphrates River. They took with them the fees for divination to hire Balaam to curse the Israelites. “They are too mighty for me,” was Balak’s message to Balaam, “for I wot (know) that he whom thou bless is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.”

When the elders of Moab and Midian, Balak’s messengers, delivered the message to Balaam, notice what he said: “Lodge here this night, and I will bring you word again, as the Lord shall speak to me: and the princes of Moab abode with Balaam” (Numbers 22:8).

God said to Balaam, “Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed. And Balaam rose up in the morning, and said unto the princes of Balak, get you into your land: for the Lord refuseth to give me leave to go with you” (vs. 12-13).

Again king Balak sent messengers to Balaam this time more noble princes of higher rank, and more money. Again Balaam asked them to remain overnight “that I may know what the Lord will say unto me more” (v. 19). This time God allowed him to go with them, but forbid him to curse Israel. Yet the angel of God stopped Balaam’s donkey on the way. Why?

Now doesn’t all this sound as if Balaam were God’s prophet, and not Satan’s? Yet, see what we read in the New Testament! Peter speaks of false prophets “following the way of Balaam who loved the wages of unrighteousness” (II Peter 2:15).

Jude writes: “Woe unto them! For they have gone the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward” (v. 11). Jesus Christ says to the Church at Pergamos: “But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak to cast a stumbingblock before the children of Israel” (Rev. 2:14).

So Jesus Christ, Peter and Jude all tell us Balaam was a false prophet. When we research into his actual identity, we find that Pethor, where he resided, was the headquarters of the highest priest of the pagan Babylonian Mystery religion. In reading through Numbers 22, 23 and 24, one might suppose Balaam was just some ordinary fellow of no consequence. Yet here was the king of a nation. He passed up his own highest priests, magicians and astrologers of the pagan religion. He sent his highest princes, with rich rewards and highest fees. He sent them a great distance, to Pethor, near the Euphrates, in Mesopotamia. He would not have sent them to any but the most powerful practitioner of divination.

Other scriptures show that these higher magicians of divination were often demon-possessed. This Balaam could have been devil-possessed, so that it was actually Satan himself in possession of the human Balaam, working in and through him. Would Satan consult God about doing this?

Satan himself would consult God, precisely as Balaam did, under such circumstances! Biblical “scholars” and commentators have assumed Balaam had been a true prophet of God originally. This is not true.

The answer is found in the first two chapters of the Book of Job. Satan himself is here pictured in conversation with God concerning the righteousness of Job. God allowed Satan to afflict Job, but God placed a limit on how far Satan could go! God is Supreme Ruler of the universe. At first, God allowed Satan to take all Job possessed, but not to harm Job’s person. Job failed to crack under the test. Satan argued that a man would give up all he possessed to save his own life, but if only he could afflict Job’s person, Job would turn against God. So God now gave Satan permission to go this much further, but to spare his life.

In like manner, the Satan-influenced (or Satan-possessed, as the case may be) Balaam well knew God had set limits to his powers. Satan is the god and invisible ruler of this world, yet God is Supreme Ruler over all. Every ruler has authority and power only within his own boundary lines or jurisdiction. There are no boundary lines of God’s rulership, but there are on Satan’s. And he well knows it!

There could be no sin, no evil unless God allowed it! And if God did not allow it there could be no free moral agency, no free choice and that would nullify God’s purpose!

Notice that even Satan’s ministers talk about God, and masquerade as His ministers (II Cor. 11:13-15). This high priest of Satan knew that Israel was God’s own nation, under God’s protection. This divine protection set a boundary line on his power to harm God’s nation. Satan is well aware that there are limits set on his powers.

Balaam would have been overjoyed to be able to curse, harm or destroy Israel. But he knew, he was fully aware, that doing this was beyond his power unless, as God allowed Satan to go further than originally allowed in afflicting Job, the Almighty would now allow him to curse and harm Israel. Balaam wanted to curse Israel. He wanted the fee!

Now, with this in mind, notice what Balaam said. When the highest princes of Moab came, on the second visit, he said: “If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the word of the Lord” (Numbers 22:18).

It was not a matter of Balaam being willing. He was willing to harm Israel. It was a matter of having the power to do so. After he went with the enemies of Balak, he said to the king: “Lo, I am come unto thee: have I now any power at all to say anything? The words that God puts in my mouth that must I speak” (Numbers 22:38).

Later, Balaam said that God had blessed Israel, “and I cannot reverse it” (Num. 23:20). Of Israel, Balaam said, “The Lord his God is with him, there is no enchantment against Jacob, neither is there any divination against Israel” (vs. 21-23). Notice, God is the God of Israel, His God not Balaam’s God. Balaam practiced divination and enchantment and God did not allow it against Israel.

Balaam wanted to go just as far in the wrong way as he dared. That is Satan’s way. Now just how far may you safely go, in doing what you want, instead of what you ought to do? Haven’t you often compromised on this? Haven’t you often wanted to do something you knew you really ought not? And haven’t you sometimes gone at least part way, thinking that perhaps if you didn’t’ go all the way in doing wrong, you might “get away with it.”

How many, under temptation to commit fornication or adultery, go part way, perhaps just a little “necking”? And how often does that lead to going just a little farther, and then perhaps just a little farther still? Going that first part way is already committing the act spiritually, according to the sprit or intent of the law! When you did that you were already guilty in God’s sight.

Of course Satan was restrained, and unable to go further than he did against Job. Balaam was restrained, and unable to go further than he did against the children of Israel. You may be able, if willing, to go farther in sin or wrong ways. You are a free moral agent. But to go as far as you dare is the way of Satan, not the way of God.

God’s way is to go, sincerely, wholeheartedly and earnestly, just as far in the right direction as possible. God’s way is to do more than is required of you.

Jesus said: “Doth he (a master) thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded him? I think not. So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, we are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do” (Luke 17:9-10).

If you do not even go as far in the wrong direction as you feel safe, if you do what is commanded what God, through His Word, shows is your duty, but do not go even farther in the right direction, doing more than your duty, Jesus Christ says you are unprofitable servant! Plainly, Christ expects us to do more than duty in the right direction!

And what happens to the unprofitable servant? In the parable of the talents, Christ said of the one who kept what he had, but did not grow in knowledge and grace, did not overcome, did what was his duty and no more “And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Matt. 25:30).

The Christian life is a life of growing, improving in character, of overcoming of becoming more and more like Jesus Christ! It is not a life of compromising with sin to get your own way. Learn a lesson from Balaam.

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